… 2 0 obj (iii) Pot Irrigation Method. Oldest (4000 years back) and most common method. There are two methods of irrigation, namely, traditional and modern. endobj Also the border, sprinkler and drip irrigation methods are discussed, but in less detail. endobj Agriculture is an important source of livelihood. This supply of water to the crops at regular intervals is known as irrigation. One chapter is devoted to the choice of an appropriate irrigation method. %���� The manual describes in some detail the basin and furrow irrigation methods. Irrigation Methods The widely used methods of irrigation are surface, sprinkling, subirrigation, intrasoil, and mist irrigation… Modern irrigation technology in the form of hardware and software techniques has made significant strides and contributions to system operations these years (Renault, 1998). Moat. Sub-surface 3. The second part of this chapter discusses the methods, structures and customs of spate irrigation… … Advantages of Irrigation: 1. Also called the pulley system, it involves pulling up water from a well or other such source to irrigate the land. These include information … system and reducing irrigation water, human labor, electricity, and other resources. Thus, irrigation … The three main methods of irrigation … ���o?��� IRRIGATION METHODS . In this process of drip irrigation, the water drops fall on the root of every plant that is … l�Ȕ��"�-`K�Rf����l���ED\��.�,FPY�|:N��3Ktg�Z'�������$�yb:�I7�>�7|?�'�3ITg ����fp�!��i6��w��LR�� new irrigation technology and modern methods of irrigation will play an important part in the achievement of improved irrigation efficiency. Drip Irrigation. It also works to stop the waste of water in irrigation… explain the method of digging irrigation water channels through solid rock by hand, according to customs that cover both digging and maintenance of irrigation water conduits. United Nations, irrigation contributes to about 40% of the world’s food production on 20% of the world’s crop production land. Crop irrigation is vital throughout the world in order to provide the world’s ever-growing populations with enough food. A well designed and managed irrigation system reduces water loss to evaporation, deep percolation, and runoff and minimizes erosion from applied water. For proper nourishment of crops certain amount of water is required. Select method of irrigation should fulfill following objectives • Adequate amount of water is stored in the root zone of plants • Light irrigation uniform application of 6cm Traditional Irrigation Methods. Many different irrigation methods … This method can vary in different regions. N���n�X�ͱ�.��8N֏�;�ۋ�^�ևxo�6�KXq�JZ��~H� kʔ�wŔE-�t�|�2aa�`��R�1)�A��Ur�R�6MF77�Ŧ�� [=��eS5���|�6�z{v5����d��Z����������ur3�� x4�1�)V�����a���l5/���ݼx�0��������sʉτ)�z"�]���۳�v�\��[V5/%lai���2����_���j~��`ܬ���-��׋bN��6�b^�\-_�%�ɸ)ߘ��d�*I�]W��^'��14oό�C��]1� �-��|������8��R�������[Q��f���`$`���bK�B�2����r���Jx0�6��2� un���A�Cd���O&��� Surface 2. If rainfall is insufficient there will be deficiency in fulfillment of water requirement. 2. Irrigation Methods – Flooding Irrigation Method: This type of irrigation method consists of opening a water channel in a field so that the water is allowed freely in all directions of land and cover the surface of the land in a continuous sheet kind. Various irrigation methods have been developed over time to meet the irrigation needs of certain crops in specific areas. Overhead or Sprinkler Irrigation: In this method an attempt is made to simulate natural rainfall. endstream endobj 463 0 obj <>/Metadata 16 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 460 0 R/StructTreeRoot 25 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 464 0 obj <>/Font<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 465 0 obj <>stream Chapter 6 Irrigation System Design Part 652 Irrigation Guide (210-vi-NEH 652, IG Amend. Z��ΌH���m�ТJsq83�4R6g���3��"��H� <>>> Irrigation–Principles and Practices Introduction 205 Lecture 1: Irrigation Concepts and Terminology 207 Lecture 2: Irrigation Scheduling and Delivery Systems 209 Demonstration 1: Field-Scale Irrigation 217 Demonstration 2: Garden-Scale Irrigation … Modern irrigation methods: (i) Sprinkler Irrigation Method. Irrigation is the controlled application of water for agricultural purposes through manmade systems to supply water requirements that are not satisfied by the rainfall. The main advantage of this method is that it is cheap. %PDF-1.5 Muhammad Salman Nasir Department of Structures and Environmental Engineering, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan . �5����g/6ϝ��r y��#�W풣�8|�̵�^Є��;�؅w�*+ ��eR������ݼ�v. year and lack of groundwater, modern irrigation systems will reduce this issue of lack of water. So, we should adopt those irrigation methods … Pressurized irrigation . Gravity irrigation method… Indeed, smart systems have proven their capability to regulate the irrigation of crops. %%EOF ����$���kOJr�%#�r��WòH����mE5����Ͱ\�\�7�,q]��_�BQva�;�/�� �_���W��,�%1i�P����*��)w�k�3����ʉ������ �d�� methods, promotion of drip and sprinkler Micro- Irrigation( MI) techniques of irrigation and several other sustainable methods of modern day agriculture were also promoted. This is a time consuming ... 2. <> Increase in crop yield: the production of almost all types of crops can be increased by providing the right amount of later at the right time, depending on its shape of growth. endstream endobj startxref The modern methods of irrigation include: Sprinkler System; Drip System; Sprinkler Irrigation. … <> Here, a farmer pulls out water from wells or canals by himself or using cattle and carries to farming fields. … (ii) Drip Irrigation Method. NJ1, 06/2005) NJ6-1 NJ652.06 Irrigation System Design a) General A properly designed irrigation system addresses uniform irrigation … For this purpose, more efforts had been done based on modification of irrigation methods … In this present situation, there is shortage of water everywhere. 1. 3 0 obj Modern Methods of Irrigation on Maize Crop. Gravity irrigation methods are less expensive, but requires more skill and experience to achieve re-scannable efficiency. It artificially bestows the water by fulfilling the … Irrigation methods is the fifth in a series of training manuals on irrigation. Micro irrigation is a modern method of irrigation; by this method water is irrigated through drippers, sprinklers, foggers and by other emitters on surface or subsurface of the land. h��WYo�6�+|LP")����5��-bw���%V�e� This method also requires that the land to be irrigated should have a flatter slope, other wise the cost of land leveling and preparation at times be come very high. 0 Chain pump. International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, New Delhi 1986. Class 8: Science: Crop Production and its management: modern method of irrigation Google Scholar Murthy, Y. K: Advanced methods of irrigation and scope for application in India. In modern agriculture, drip irrigation … Irrigation tries to remove this deficiency caused due to inadequate rainfall. Drip irrigation, also known as trickle irrigation, functions as its name suggests. `��s�H����o�i�p�dƥԝ�iU8i�܊"\�k��bbR �&�^��]L��FHeۄ���7�&�Pl��R��OiLR�����r�͒.�Ƃ�y�tn>ë6����B�*�S�Q-ñ��� ���!&,��D(��k� ��P�8ϡ�b�'bE�y�P,C� 1�E��f1A���uK�h7���^�*4�KtS���N0�`�9K�F�]N��C� stream %PDF-1.5 %���� Criteria for selection of irrigation method • Water supply source • Topography • Quantity of water to be applied • The crop • Method of cultivation . 3. … Modern irri gation is a synonym ous word to sprinkler a nd drip irrigation which is the irrigation m et hod usually used in new desert land with common sandy soil. Report provides an overview of the current state of agriculture and irrigation sectors of Kyrgyzstan, the analysis of experience in application of different irrigation methods … Studies show that the economically advantageous of drip irrigation methods described above are in the highlands with high slopes. �J�6� q�;@���Ƥ]�Sn]�Ө�Zg$c2Aze�T�r���?�C�(��]�I��2�����(�H�Ѫ+m�U?�{��c��Zn��~W�7��[�f{�M�/�\8 �u���{9�upu�f��fjm��K�p$M��/v3ˀ)A���B�o�+ʽя(���#��)gVJ�2K�6B� S@=��g��J������]k��C���ѡ4�O � 4. Achievements The impact of the … [���t>��-Ȍ�=i_�G}����"Lֱj!-�+�|�BP谤��fe�v�Vh�:UD��2J�ِ,��Yy`7��x �o "^G��o����x-�[N0. 478 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<7C3EC88509E2854A81EFE689BDDEB2E8><68D49E76C374BB4AB46042C305FEA803>]/Index[462 30]/Info 461 0 R/Length 81/Prev 45576/Root 463 0 R/Size 492/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream ���"\�/����V�� �:48���GAF�$��&]0�\I�Q6�_�]4&�bg�����F*$3(�b��������1z�S�mQ�XHk(ס��0�͑��5jְ���,�teWP�@{q�5|���7v�0=�>-����� �j� ��IЧT Modern Irrigation Methods: (v) Sprinkler Irrigation Method: In present times, when water crisis is developing very fast everywhere, we should adopt improved techniques of irrigation to encourage suitable water management. Abid Sarwar Department of Irrigation … endobj Major components of a micro irrigation … h�bbd``b`� $[A��` ,�@��D��9��.�e�U��@z�e �$n�0012Ƃ��d�Ŀ i�' Dhekli. Surface irrigation methods . effective methods of crop irrigation, including drip irrigation. 491 0 obj <>stream 1 0 obj <>/XObject<>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> 1. h�b```�\�|���ea�8��Ъ��� ��9���\̃�, L �`��� W\ۗ� � d����hȴW7�,�Lw�>\b�48 �����Y$D��b`x���2�b �H%� However, modern irrigation techniques are largely impacting the environment. x��Y�o9G��#{��^KU%ʅ��*���riڇ&w9�p���xwaͮ� m�e�3���x�g���~��yܒw�z��v����O�w�ݾ���[���So�y����~}y����f�n�n9�2E�_�-N��DkA�"��^�h�y�˨���!������@U�B���Ȕ�2�H�M��v�2�JN��4��P���TY���n}������g2����&��g�yz�ޯ�z�H�\��*2��)��h�#�)ՊXn�N �������T��4) Water is delivered at or near the root zone of plants, drop by drop. 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