The unhappiness of the sepoys first surfaced in 1824 when the 47th Regiment at Barrackpur was ordered to go to Burma. ADVERTISEMENTS: Causes of the Revolt: a. Out   of such discon­tent the Indian sepoys led to a mutiny. What Was The Causes Of The Revolt Of 1857 1699 Words | 7 Pages. The British government came out with all the powers to suppress the revolt. Bahadur Shah was arrested. It was the first rebellion against the East India Company which took the massive form. Some historians are of opinion that the revolt in the North-Western province was a lawless revolt by a group of sepoys. The Revolt of 1857 led to the many major changes in the administration and the policy of the British Government. The racial arrogance of the British created a difference between the rulers and the ruled. If we do not consider any historical event on the basis of its success then the revolt of 1857 A.D. was never a tragedy. Farmers and artisans put further force behind the mutiny. Political Causes: Lord Dalhousie was the Governor-General of India till 1848-1856. So it has been commonly termed as `Sepoy Mutiny‘. It led to changes in the system of administration and the policy of the Government. Some historians are of opinion that the revolt in the North-Western province was a lawless revolt by a group of sepoys. As the revolt was started by the Indian sepoys in the British army, the revolt became known as Sepoy mutiny. The Indian Revolt of 1857-Causes The Indian Revolt of 1857-Causes The revolt began with a military mutiny, borne of festering grievances among the soldiers of the Bengal Army. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. DMPQ- . When the sepoys of Meerut reached Delhi there was huge upsurge. There was no central organization of the sepoys. They could not match improved guns and ri­fles with their old model musket, spears and sword. Nov 23, 2018 • 1 h 19 m . They protested against this and were arrested. Fresh army men came from Singapore. The causes of the Great Revolt of 1857 and Sepoy Mutiny may be studied in the following heads: Political cause: Major political cause for the outbreak of the Revolt was the policy of annexation followed by Dalhousie. It is also given names as Indian Rebellion, Indian Mutiny as well as Indian Revolt. His maltreatment towards the Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah-II hurt the sentiment of the Muslim community. Kunwar Singh, Bakht Khan of Bihar, Bahadur Khan, Moulavi Ahmed of Faizabad lost their lives one after the other. In his opinion it was nothing better than feudalistic reaction of the revolt. The policy of annexation and conquest has also been widely pointed out as one of the principal causes of the rebellion of 1857. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company, so it has been commonly termed as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. Also Read: Causes of the Revolt of 1857. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. That ignited the fire. His maltreatment towards the Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah-II hurt the sentiment of the Muslim community. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. It may be righty that they had no idea about national government, but nationalism was there. That is why it is also called sepoy Mutiny. There were several revolts before this, but there was no feeling of Indian-ness in those revolts. Watch Consequences of Revolt of 1857 in English from Indian Freedom Movement and 1857 Revolt in India here. The British, opened a new avenue of exploitation … But many historians are of opinion that the Great movement of 1857 A.D. cannot be termed as narrow, isolated and reactionary. They supported the British. “The Revolt of 1857” Amit Mishra Class – 8th (B) Roll No. What Was The Causes Of The Revolt Of 1857 1699 Words | 7 Pages. It is considered as the country’s First War of Independence which was against the rule of the British.. This course will be conducted in Hindi and the notes will also be provided in English. (1) Political and administrative, (2) Economic, (3) Social and religious, and (4) Military and the immediate affair of greased cartridges Though the uprising of 1857 failed, it had its importance. This discontent of royal families, army men and common people jointly exposed in the Great Revolt of 1857. This War is regarded as the most remarkable one which took place after the British came to India and began to establish their rule. Roy said that it was the reaction of the feudal against capitalism. Political Reasons for the Failure of 1857 Revolt. The War of Independence is an important landmark in the history of Sub-Continent. How Election commission can enforce it. Following are the Political causes of failure of 1857 mutiny. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. Home — Essay Samples — History — Revolt of 1857 — The Revolt Of 1857, Its Reasons And Consequences This essay has been submitted by a student. 9 mins . As the revolt was started by the Indian sepoys in the British army, the revolt became known as Sepoy mutiny. Then, the sepoys had to retreat. The causes of the mutiny, therefore, were several and had been simmering for a long period of time but especially from 1848 to 1857. Annexation of Indian states by the Company cut off their major source of patronage. Social cause: The English could not establish any social relationship with the Indians. The British, opened a new avenue of exploitation on the peasants By introducing permanent settlement. In the Ajamgarh declaration a call was given to people of all classes of mass to unite against the British rule. Military cause: The sepoys of the company regiment had been feeling dissatisfied with the English for various reasons. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. There were several reasons behind the failure of this revolt. The revolt of 1857 had very narrow social and geographical basis that contributed to its collapse. 1. In 1856, he captured Oudh on the plea of misrule. 1 Administrative Reasons for Failure of 1857 Revolt. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. The British had a huge number of forces. • V.D. One consequence of the mutiny was the establishment of direct British governance of India. Discontinuation of the pension of the Peshwa Nana Sahib shocked the Marathas. Here, we briefly outline the Military factors which helped cause the revolt. British promised to respect the … So it can be called a national movement. In his opinion it was nothing better than feudalistic reaction of the revolt. The Indian Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 is also known as the Great Revolt, Indian Rebellion, the Great Uprising and the Great Rebellion of 1857. To see this page as it is meant to appear, please enable your Javascript! Savarkar, the great revolutionary, described this revolt as the first struggle for independence. Causes and Consequences of The Revolt of 1857. His commander Tantia Topi continued the fight up to April, 1859 A.D. and surrendered to the British force. DMPQ: Social reform movements played their role in making of modern India. What are the implications after its removal? As a result of these, in the middle of the revolt the strength of the British force was doubled. High land revenue disabled peasantry class. 1. But the planned revolt started at Meerut (May, 1857 A.D.). It was the result of the century-old British rule in India. Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi lost her life in the battle­ground. What were the Causes and Consequences of the War of Independence (1857) The Causes of the War. The Indian sepoys were treated with contempt by their European officers. The British realized that one of the main causes of the 1857 Revoltwas their active encouragement to social reforms like Abolition of Sati, Widow remarriage etc. Though in the beginning it was like sepoy mutiny, but later on it turned out to be a real mass upsurge. British raj in rf india*British mostly lied on present countries ofIndia , Pakistan & Bangladesh . The Hindu and Muslim soldiers refused to cut the covers. The war has been a topic of academic discourse for historians and social scientists across the world. In the end, we may presume that the revolt of 1857 was the result of a culmination of popular dissatisfaction that had been simmering for a long time against the policies of the British in India – expansion, exploitation and economic drain and humiliation of the Indian spirit by advocating the white- man’s civilizing mission – factors of multiple dimension of direct and indirect, long run and short run … They supported the British. The … DMPQ: What is 52nd Constitutional amendment act. Out of such discon­tent the Indian sepoys led to a mutiny. So the defeat was almost certain. They protested against this and were arrested. There was a clear lack of unity among the rebels and there was no common purpose among them during the revolt of 1857. The main causes were disunity of the Indians, lack of complete nationalism etc. This video is highly rated by Humanities/Arts students and has been viewed 169 times. The British, opened a new avenue of exploitation on the peasants By introducing permanent settlement. He also said that in some places few non-military persons came out in support of the sepoys but they were local landlords, talukdars and feudal leaders. Roy said that it was the reaction of the feudal against capitalism. So it can be called a national movement. The sepoys established a symbol of Hindu-Muslim unity by electing Bahadur Shah as the Emperor of India. CAUSES OF REVOLT. Direct cause: At that time, Enfield rifles were introduced in the army. The sepoys had no improved arms with them. On observing this historians thought that, up to this period there was no communal feelings among the masses. Lack of Societal Alternative India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. Instead, Stokes argues that 1) those Indians who suffered the greatest relative deprivation rebelled and that 2) the decisive factor in precipitating a revolt was the presence of prosperous magnates who supported British rule. Huge numbers of Indians were thrown out of employment. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. The rebels had succeeded in sowing the seeds of nationalism among the Indians. The sepoys fought the battle with their limited strength for four months. The Revolt of 1857 was the first sign that the Indians wanted to end British rule and were ready to stand united for this cause. They actively encouraged socia… Military cause: The sepoys of the company regiment had been feeling dissatisfied with the English for various reasons. Here, we briefly outline the Military factors which helped cause the revolt. 1857 revolt:causes and itsconsequences 2. CAUSES OF REVOLT. The war of 1857 was a great event that influenced the future course of history of sub- continent. Economic Causes of First War of Independence. On the other hand, some historians believe that it was more than just a sepoy mutiny as it had a large mass base. Syllabus and Pattern of TSPSC Mains Exam, Syllabus and Pattern of TSPSC Prelims Exam. Though in the beginning it was like sepoy mutiny, but later on it turned out to be a real mass upsurge. Question 3: The Revolt of 1857 can be attributed to many causes. The bullets of these rifles were covered by paper with grease like thing. This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company. Savarkar called 1857 revolt as the First War of Indian Independence. V.D. It was the most remarkable single event in the history of India after the establishment of British rule. DMPQ- What are the key challenge of Infrastructure development in India ? The Indian Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 is also known as the Great Revolt, Indian Rebellion, the Great Uprising and the Great Rebellion of 1857. 1.1 Lack of Planning and Co-ordination; 1.2 Weak Leadership of the 1857 Mutiny; 2 Military Causes of Failure of 1857 Revolt. Metcalf says Stokes undermines the assumption that 1857 was a response to general causes emanating from entire classes of people. Farmers and artisans put further force behind the mutiny. The nonconformists turned for organization to Delhi to get the favors of the Mughal Emperor and subsequently accommodate their exercises credibility. The whites also started interfering in the religious and … They might have been intended to modernise India but, at the same time, irritated and alienated some conservative elements who lost property, prestige and power by these measures. Karl Marx in his several essays described this revolt as nationalist fight for independence. With the outbreak of mutiny among Sepoys common men joined the revolt. M.N. Dr. Majumder thought that this was nothing but a revolt of the sepoy. Enactment of some Acts greatly offended the sentiment of the people. The strong opposition to the social legislation especially coming from the orthodox elements in both the Hindu and the Muslim community put the British on the defensive. His commander Tantia Topi continued the fight up to April, 1859 A.D. and surrendered to the British force. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. The self-confidence of the British and their plans for the rapid westernization of India through social reforms were shattered. 13 mins. The Revolt of 1857 convinced the British the futility of interfering in the traditional socio-religious customs of India. Development of Education System in India during British Period, When was the French East India Company Formed, How did the British come to Rule in India, For How Many Years did the British Rule India, Great Revolt of 1857 (Causes, Nature, Importance, Outcome). DMPQ- What is QUAD ? 10 mins. What are the implications of including Australia in MALABAR 2020 under QUAD ? Marxist writers looked at this event as uprising of peasants against feudal system of exploitation. TSPSC Prelims and Mains Notes-TSPSC Test Series. But the planned revolt started at Meerut (May, 1857 A.D.). This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company. Colonial policies destroyed the traditional economy of Indian society. Unpopular revenue settlement 1. Military Causes of First War of Independence. The Company interfered in the internal matters of Indian States and followed the policy of divide and rule. It was the result of the century-old British rule in India. Under him the British followed an expansionist policy in India. That ignited the fire. In this course, Pavan Choudhary will discuss the causes and consequences of the Revolt of 1857 in detail. Perhaps the most important cause of the people’s discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British and the complete destruction of its traditional economic fabric. New groups of soldiers were sent to India after the end of Crimean war. By a new act introduced in the British Parliament British government took the charge to rule India. Many of the innovations were introduced by Lord Dalhousie. On the other hand, the British force had huge and improved armory. All these states came under British rule. It was not planned and organized. Even inspite of failure that served a great purpose, it was a source of inspiration in India’s freedom struggle. The British, opened a new avenue of exploitation … The bullets of these rifles were covered by paper with grease like thing. Indian sepoys were refused promotion in service as like their European counterparts. Lack of coordination between the sepoys, peasants, zamindars and other classes, was also a reason. Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and were kept away from mixing with Europeans. It was the most remarkable single event in the history of India after the establishment of British rule. Consequences of Revolt of 1857 Nationalism Awakening of Peasants class: The peasants joined this revolt which was out and out against the British. In comparison to the previous uprisings of the Indians, the Great Revolt of 1857 was of a greater dimension and it assumed almost an all-India character with participation of people from different sections of the society. 4. The revolt of 1857 suffered from a weak leadership. Thus out of discontent the artisans and peasantry joined hands with the sepoys in the mutiny. [jetpack_subscription_form title=”Subscribe to TSPSC Notes” subscribe_text=”Never Miss any TSPSC important update!” subscribe_button=”Sign Me Up” show_subscribers_total=”1″], Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! They had different goals and times again they had contradictions. Watch all CBSE Class 5 to 12 Video Lectures here. The Sepoys were to cut the cover by teeth before using it. The Sepoys were to cut the cover by teeth before using it. A lot of causes were there which had been causing grievances for quite some time. On 25th September British troops regained Delhi. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. 2.1 Superior British Army; 2.2 Limited Supplies and Lack of Modern Communication; 3 Political Reasons for the Failure of 1857 Revolt. Gradually it spread from Punjab in the north to Narmada in south, from Rajputana in the west to Bihar in the east. It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. The Revolt of 1857, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, are the different names for India’s First War of Independence against the British. Socio-Religious Causes of 1857 Revolt. The Hindu and Muslim soldiers refused to cut the covers. Causes of Revolt of 1857 Published: November 1, 2016 The various causes of the Mutiny of 1857 can be classified into several heads such as political, administrative, economic, Socio-religious, military and immediate causes. It was believed that the grease was made out of the fats of cows and pigs. Unsurprisingly, it has become the metaphor for the freedom struggle. The British government came out with all the powers to suppress the revolt. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. Gradually it spread from Punjab in the north to Narmada in south, from Rajputana in the west to Bihar in the east. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. The revolt did not spread to all the parts of India instead … Huge numbers of Indians were thrown out of employment. The standpoint from which it is mostly condemned is morality or moral grounds but there is no morality in empire building or politics. Because of all these reasons Kings, Princes, their courtiers and disbanded s… Causes for the Failure of Revolt of 1857. Followings are the major consequences of the revolt of 1857: The policy of annexation and expansion of British empire in India ended. The main persons behind this rebellion were the soldiers [sepoy]. One of the major reasons for the revolt was socio-religious policies of the British which included racial superiority and discrimination, missionary activities and deliberate efforts to subvert the religious beliefs of the people in India. It proved to be a source of encouragement to the National freedom struggle. Causes for Revolt of 1857- Political and Socio-Religious. Karl Marx in his several essays described this revolt as nationalist fight for independence. CONSEQUENCES . The Great Revolt of 1857 (also Indian rebellion of 1857, the Great uprising of 1857, the Great rebellion, Indian Sepoy mutiny) is regarded as India’s First War of Independence against the British rule. The Revolt of 1857 was an unsuccessful but heroic effort to eliminate foreign rule. Some of these acts were taken as deliberate blow at the Hindu religion, custom and right of inheritance. • Dr S.N. The sepoys had no improved arms with them. New recruitment policy of the army men was announced to see that they could not organize any revolt. It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. The Indian sepoys were treated with contempt by their European officers. In this class, Abhyudaya Kelkar will discussin detail various causes and consequences of the revolt of 1857 or the First War of Indian Independence through pictures and maps with an exam-oriented approach. Fresh army men came from Singapore. The causes of the Great Revolt of 1857 and Sepoy Mutiny may be studied in the following heads: Political cause: Major political cause for the outbreak of the Revolt was the policy of annexation followed by Dalhousie. Dalhousie through his policies had added considerable territories to the British Empire in India. V.D. They could not match improved guns and ri­fles with their old model musket, spears and sword. On the centenary of the great revolt Dr. Ramesh Chandra Majumder wrote and published a book entitled ‘Sepoy Mutiny’ and ‘Revolt of Eighteen Fifty Seven’. The Great Revolt of 1857- Causes and Consequences April 17, 2019 April 18, 2019 by rawan239 The Great Revolt of 1857 (also Indian rebellion of 1857, the Great uprising of 1857, the Great rebellion, Indian Sepoy mutiny) is regarded as India’s First War of Independence against the British rule. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. By the end of 1859 A.D. the British power was reestablished in troubled areas. M.N. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). It may be righty that they had no idea about national government, but nationalism was there. Explain the military causes which led to the revolt of 1857. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. Cause for Revolt- Economic and Military causes. Some of these acts were taken as deliberate blow at the Hindu religion, custom and right of inheritance. DMPQ: Enumerate the characteristics of 1857 revolt. Nana Saheb lost the battle of Kanpur. The direct effects of the Revolt of 1857 may be summed up in the following words: First, the Revolt of 1857 exposed the danger involved in allowing a commercial organization to rule over a country. The Revolt of 1857 was the first sign that the Indians wanted to end British rule and were ready to stand united for this cause. 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