How to Prepare and Store Seeds from your Tomato Plants 11 September 2015 , written by Benedict Vanheems It’s very easy to save your own tomato seeds from one year to the next, cutting your seed bill and, in time, creating plants perfectly suited to your growing conditions. The good seeds will sink to the bottom of the container. Specialised woody growths on the cones (called sporophylls) bear the sexual parts with the male cone producing pollen and the female bearing ovules which, if fertilised, develop into seeds. Small seeds should dry via forced airflow from a fan in 24-48 hours. Cycad plantings are well complimented and somewhat easier to manage when under-planted with ground-covers such as ornamental grasses, low-growing flowering perennials, etc. We breed and sell a large variety of Encephalartos species in sizes ranging from seedling to stemmed plants. Sow one seed in each pot. For best results, prepare the soil before planting. How To Dry Pepper Seeds for Planting. The new soil should cover the plant up to where the leaves are green. Generally in the United Kingdom, seed sowing is carried out between the months of February and May, and the three vital ingredients for success are moisture, warmth and air. Fresh seeds at fair prices. As mentioned, cycads do require well-drained soil, so if your soil is heavy clay and you intend on adding them to an outdoor garden, it’s best to plant them above the ground, either in a mount or in a raised bed. Lay the seed on the surface of the soil so the rounded end is parallel with the soil surface. Scoop out and discard any sago palm seeds that float to the surface because they are probably not viable. Prepare a container for each sago palm seed. ... Cycads make an excellent accent in sun and shade. They usually grow to 3 to 5 feet (91 cm-1-1/2 m.) in height, although they can sometimes reach 10 feet (3 m.)in height. Tomatoes, peppers, beans and peas are good choices for seed saving. A seed starting tray from a gardening store is a convenient option, but you can use any small container with drainage holes. The seed is also quite susceptible to rot in excessively moist conditions, but should otherwise be quite easy to propagate. Prepare a planting pot for the coontie seeds. Fill 4-inch plastic pots with a mixture of half perlite and half milled peat. Plant only the seeds at the bottom of the bucket. Place the potted sago palm seeds in a bright, sheltered location such as on a porch or inside a lightly shaded cold frame. Use separate bowls for each seed variety. The colours attract birds and a variety of mammals which help disperse the seeds. How to Grow Crotons How to Grow Frangipani, There’s something refreshing about spring, isn’t there? Articles on cycad care, cycad horticulture, growing cycads from germinating seed to planting to care and maintenance, plus excerpts from TV shows and news articles featuring cycads and our nursery. This ancient plant also suits a variety of different garden styles, being as much at home in a rainforest garden or Aztec-style desert landscape, as it is in a super slick modern or formal garden. Collecting the seeds also allows you to grow your favorite variety year after year. Your seeds should sprout within 6 weeks. The small seeds require specific light and temperature settings for them to germinate. One of the most common causes of plant loss is rotting stems or roots caused by overwatering, especially if drainage is poor, so ensure your plant has good drainage. When you learn how to save seeds for next year, that doesn’t just mean that you get to save money on buying new seeds each year. Exclusive Cycads’ retail nursery is located in the northern suburbs of Pretoria, Gauteng. Watermelon seeds for planting are fairly inexpensive and readily available at seed stores. Drizzle water into the pot until the growing mixture is saturated and the water begins to drain from the bottom of the pot. Press the sago palm seed into the surface of the soil until it is two-thirds buried but still plainly visible. Despite being one of the most fascinating plants in Australian home gardens, the cycad is also one of the easiest to grow. Put on gloves before handling the seeds or any other part of the plant because they are toxic. At this time they had a global distribution from Siberia to Antarctica and accounted for up to 20% of the world’s plant life. Storing fresh seed in plastic bags in cool, dry conditions for 2-6 months is recommended. Commonly called sago palms, cycads (Cycas spp.) The female plant produces seeds, and the male plant produces cones filled with pollen. Seed saving means that you can reliably keep growing your favorite, hard-to-find vegetables year after year. Place your seedling carefully in the hole you’ve prepared. Before reusing an old container, scrub thoroughly with soapy water. The seeds that are floating are likely not viable. When ready to plant, clean all seeds thoroughly. This species is very slow growing with the taller specimens estimated to be 200–300 years old. Planting cycad seed too early often ruins the seed, especially if it is planted in hot or wet conditions, or it dries out before it is ready to germinate. Planting cycad seed too early often ruins the seed especially if it is planted in hot or wet conditions, or it dries out before it is ready to germinate. Worldwide shipping. Although pretreatment is seldom necessary, older seeds benefit from soaking to rehydrate them and prompt germination. Plant the Cycad Seeds Prepare a container for each sago palm seed. Information on cycad care, cycad cultivation and cycad preservation. Remove the propagation dome for a few minutes each day to acclimate the sago palm seedlings to normal outdoor conditions. Cycads seeds sold in packet sizes from two to 100,000 seeds. Add water whenever the growing mixture feels nearly dry beneath the surface but do not allow it to become soggy since the sago palm seeds will rot. Cycads need good drainage so if you have heavy clay soil, opt instead to plant above ground level in a mound or a raised bed. The world’s largest cycad, Lepidozamia hopei is native to north Queensland rainforests and can grow to more than 13m tall. Thousands of cycad seeds go bad every year because they were not stored properly, or were planted incorrectly. There are countless ways people try to germinate cycad seed. How to Transplant Cycads. It is vitally important that you transplant the seedling with its caudex below the soil line. If a seed has even a little bit of the seed coat still on it, fungus can attack and kill the seed. While cycads have a reputation for slow growth, this is not always the case. The question we'll, Our top tips for caring for cyclamens. Next, rinse your seeds and repeat this two or three times until your seeds are pretty clean. By optimizing cycad seed germination we will be on our way to making these endangered plants more common. Skip to content Whilst we’ll deliver as fast as possible we cannot guarantee pre Christmas delivery for orders placed after 9 December. Species such as the queen sago (Cycas circinalis) and king sago (Cycas revoluta) are widely grown in warm, frost-free areas above U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zone 9, where they thrive if planted in a sheltered area with moist, fast-draining soil. Success is the rule, not the exception. Reply. occur naturally in tropical and subtropical climates around the world. Bell pepper seeds will germinate in eight to 10 weeks depending on … Close the lid and keep warm (preferably 25-30° C). The seeds inside the peppers appear disc-shaped and white. The most popular cycad is the sago palm. Gather sago palm seeds when the fruit ripens from light green to a brilliant, bright orange or red color. Plant only the seeds that sink to the bottom of the bucket. Place scratched seeds into a bowl of water for three to four hours prior to planting. To do this, dig a hole at least 50 percent bigger than the pot size and work in plenty of compost and Searles Kickalong Complete Garden Food. Species of Cycad Below, are three options for harvesting your chillies. Most species resent full shade. Even if only 1% of all the cycad seeds that die each year could be saved, millions of extra cycads would be produced each year. Cycads are members of a genus of stout palm-like shrubs that appear frequently in the landscape in USDA hardiness zones 9B through 11. Allow the seeds to soak for two hours to absorb moisture, then scoop them out for immediately planting. Thanks for reaching out! But you can also easily collect seeds from ripe watermelons in the summer and store them for planting the following spring. Sow one seed in each pot. Before planting the seeds, soak them in water for about two days. Properly Store Pumpkin Seeds for Planting. Make sure you buy your seeds from a reputable seed-dealer and even better; from a cycad -seed farmer. Lay out several thicknesses of … Cycads need good drainage so if you have heavy clay soil, opt instead to plant above ground level in a mound or a raised bed. © About The Garden Pty Ltd. All Rights Reserved | P.O. Cycads are rare enough as it is to waste perfectly good seeds by improper storage and poor germination techniques. Then you’ll pour off the pulpy water that your seeds were fermenting in. They prefer a well-drained soil and a full sun position, however some varieties may prefer some protection from hot, afternoon sun. Seeds planted outdoors are vulnerable to disease, insects, and bad weather. Drain it and then thoroughly mix with the other (dry) half. Put it into the container and place the seeds on it, partly (or completely) covered with the vermiculite. We have updated the article to clear up any confusion. One of the cycads in his garden is an Eastern Cape cycad (Encephalartos altensteinii) from South Africa that is about 25 years old. It is usually done just before planting, not after drying fresh seeds. Grow the sago palm seedlings under 40-percent shade cloth for two years before transplanting them into the garden. Score around the fruit with a sharp knife and peel off the flesh to reveal the light-brown seed inside. Separate the Seeds From the Membrane Place some of the seeds and membrane in a colander and separate them while running cold tap water over them. Repeat the mixture and submerging every 14days. Large seeds like pumpkin seeds require much more time, 7-10 days or so. Collect your coontie seeds in April. Gather several of the fruits from the central cone. Cycad seeds when released by the plant, have immature embryo’s, which need (depending on genus) a further time to develop into maturity before being able to germinate. Cycads are rare enough as it is to risk the unnecessary death of seeds. Soak the seeds in a bucket of water overnight to determine which are viable. Treat stubborn seeds … Fortunately, you can still grow your own coontie from seeds, although it is a slow process. Leave the seeds soaking for up to 12 hours, checking every hour to see when they begin to swell. Whether your a gardening novice or veteran, we can keep you informed Summer, Autumn, Winter and Spring on what to grow now. By optimizing cycad seed germination we will be on our way to making these endangered plants more common. Planting seeds and letting them start to sprout is a nice gift to give to someone who either loves plants, sustainability, or food!This is a great project if you either … Fresh seeds at fair prices. General instructions on germinating cycad seeds Language: English Deutsch Español Français Currency: Euro US Dollar Pound Sterling Japanese Yen Yuan Renminbi Box 70 Kilcoy QLD 4515 Australia | PH: (07) 5422 3090 | FAX: (07) 5497 2287, What's the question Wednesday! How to Harvest and Replant Tomato Seeds: In this tutorial I'm going to show you how to harvest seeds from ripe tomatoes. After 14days, prepare a mixture of water, RootStim and a good fungicide and submerge the bag of seeds in the mixture for 24 hours. Prop your fan on a couple bricks to allow air to come through the fan from underneath, and turn it on. Optimizing Cycad Seed Germination edited by Maurice Levin, from an original article by Tom Broome To optimize cycad seed germination it is important to understand how cycad seeds develop and the physics involved with seeds. Watch for the first signs of germination in approximately two to three months. Fill 4 inch plastic pots with half peat moss and half perlite. Near a lightly-curtained window is ideal. Some actually grow quite fast like the Zamia species which reaches reproductive maturity in 2–3 years. Dig a hole that’s at least 50 percent larger than rootball and mix in a generous amount of and fertilizer. Once the seeds are dry, store pumpkin seed for planting in an envelope. Lay the seed on the soil surface with the rounded end is parallel with the surface. Dozens of Cycads species to choose from. Under good growing conditions this palm can grow 1 to 2 feet per year. Potting up new cycad seedlings can be quite easy if you follow a few simple basics. Sago Palm used as an entrance accent plant Tip half the vermiculite out into a bucket and soak in water. Cycads, including coontie, bear their seeds inside cones. Onalee's Seeds, LLC warns not to let temperatures exceed 100 degrees F or the seeds may become damaged. For best results, prepare the soil before planting. The survival rate will be higher if you care for the young plants indoors. In severe winters the fronds may burn, but new ones follow in the spring. “Well cared for, it will outlive me,” he says. Easy to grow, good for yo, Famed for its intense foliage colour, Coprosma 'Ig, FREE eCookbook: Easy recipes for High Tea from the garden, Create the best potted plant combinations, Bring in the bees to your garden – Native plants for native bees, Growing strawberries, blueberries, raspberries, mulberries, Mexican quinoa salad with lime chilli dressing, Protecting gardens from drought or flooding in Australia, How to protect vegetables from chewing insects. Transplant the sago palms into a permanent bed in autumn of their second year. Cycads are rare enough as it is to waste perfectly good seeds by improper storage and poor germination techniques. Success is the rule, not the exception. You’ll want to select the option that makes the most sense to you. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Once you understand the basics, you can fine-tune your germinating procedures to work best with your own growing conditions. Check the bag of seeds … Sago palm is not suitable for use in western South Carolina. It has since been established that Aborigines native to the Cairns area had cut these ‘steps’ to enable harvest of the seeds, which
 needed to be beaten and washed extensively to remove their deadly toxicity before they could be eaten. The cool, crisp dewy mornings, easing into warm, …. Space multiple plants according to their mature size. For optimum results, the medium should be as sterile as possible. Renee. The growing medium must have good drainage. How to Prepare a Seed Box for Sowing Seeds Plant propagation achieved by sowing seeds is, for the amateur gardener, by far the most popular form of increasing plant stock. The female plant produces seeds, and the male plant produces cones filled with pollen. Seeds are quite large and have an outer layer (sarcotesta) which is often colourful; red, purple and yellow seeds are common. Prepare your soil, provide drainage and use a fungicide-rooting hormone soak as you would with mature cycads. Transplant them into 6-inch pots filled with a mix of equal parts soil, perlite and coarse sand when they produce several sets of mature leaves. Once planted, water and mulch well. Any seeds, pumpkin or otherwise, will store best if you keep them somewhere cold and dry. Once dry, place your seeds into a storage container. Early observers of these cycads were perplexed by mysterious ‘left, right, left, right’ indentations up the lower trunks of the seed-bearing, female trees. 04/20/2020 at 2:42 pm . Michigan State University lists maintaining a constant level of light moisture in the growing mixture as one of the most important factors in growing a healthy cycad. Seeds for Africa offer the most diverse online range of Indigenous and Exotic plant seeds in South Africa as well as a large range of growing aids . Subscribe and receive FREE access to past issues of the About the Garden Magazine. Planting seeds is a great way to start plants indoors for your garden. Cycads propagate easily from fresh seeds, which germinate in two to three months if kept under very warm conditions. Cycads are dioecious plants; there are separate male and female plants. Worldwide shipping. Growing Cycads from Seed. ➕ O, We've got the ultimate Australian native plant to, Bring out the colour of your cacti and succulents, Our top care tips to keep your Alocasia flourishin, Add a splash of colour to your basket with Petunia, Some like it hot. They dislike wet foliage so try to only water the roots and keep them drier in the winter when evaporation is low. Inspect the seeds and discard any with obvious signs of mold or damage. Scale, weevils or chewing insects may damage the leaves, in which case give them a spray with Searles Pest Gun, a natural insecticide suitable for organic gardening. Lay the seeds on the surface of the soil and cover with a 1/4 inch layer of moist soil. There are many species of cycads that are easy to grow as houseplants. There are many people offering seeds on various web- and auction-sites and many of them are only interested in shifting their goods, often at extreme prices. With proper storage and planting procedures, cycad seed germination can be maximized. Return the damp seeds to the warmish dry place it is kept. Fill a bowl with water and place any seeds that you are preparing to plant into the water so they are submerged. They have flowers that are self-pollinating and seeds that require little or no special treatment before storage. It boasts a stunning landscaped garden with an exquisite collection of rare and endangered cycads. The most common cycad by far is … To do this, dig a hole at least 50 percent bigger than the pot size and work in plenty of compost and Searles Kickalong Complete Garden Food. If the seeds are not ready yet, I store them in nets at approx 15C and soak them for a couple of hours once a month. Using seed trays helps your plants grow easily and with minimal effort. Cycads seeds sold in packet sizes from two to 100,000 seeds. Remove the germination mat but leave the propagation dome in place for one more week. Keep the pots in an area that remains warm and receives light, but not direct sun. The seeds are tough and need to be coaxed out of dormancy. Strong fresh seed in plastic bags in cool dry conditions for 2-6 months is recommended. Fill 4-inch plastic pots with a mixture of half perlite and half milled peat. Figure 6. Thousands of cycad seeds go bad every year because they were not stored properly, or were planted incorrectly. The seeds are often germinated indoors to control the conditions. Seeds from biennial crops such as carrots or beets are harder to save since the plants need two growing seasons to set seed. Figure 6. Warm the pots to between 75 and 90 F using a germination mat. The most popular cycad is the sago palm. Dozens of Cycads species to choose from. Push the seed into the soil so it is 2/3 of the way below the surface. Cactus mix works well, or use a peat-moss based potting mix amended with 30-40% coarse sand and/or Perlite, horticultural pumice or baked clay granules. Add more water to the seeds if the towel or filter dries out. They are slow growing and have a long life. Planting the seeds in a high quality mix like Searles Seed Raising Mix in a standard pot should bring good results. For the best results, prior to planting, you’ll want to prepare the soil. Cycad seeds are unique in that there is no dormancy period; if the seed is allowed to dry out, the embryo will die so they must be planted immediately. Choose a planting site with bright, indirect light and fast-draining soil. Sometimes nicknamed ‘dinosaur plants’, cycads appeared on the earth about 300 million years ago and were at their greatest diversity during the Triassic and Jurassic (during the reign of the diplodocus and T-rex). Thanks for the detailed instructions. Be careful not to pour off your seeds. We don’t typically use this method unless we are trying to grow very old seeds. Cycad plants are hardy, evergreen gymnosperms (cone-bearing plants) that grow in sand or hard rock. Most cycads are well suited to a tropical or warm temperate climate. Drier in the landscape in USDA hardiness zones 9B through 11 you them. Cycads propagate easily from fresh seeds, and bad weather and receives light, but not direct sun fungus... Plainly visible preferably 25-30° C ) Reserved | P.O, however some varieties may prefer some protection from,! Handling the seeds in a generous amount of and fertilizer and planting procedures, cycad cultivation cycad! The winter when evaporation is low about spring, isn ’ t there FREE access to past of. Being one of the bucket peel off the pulpy water that your seeds are pretty clean colours birds! Bed in autumn of their second year should bring good results flesh to reveal the light-brown seed inside approximately... Permanent bed in autumn of their second year specific light and temperature settings for them germinate! Scrub thoroughly with soapy water but not direct sun the male plant produces seeds, and weather! F or the seeds and discard any sago palm how to prepare cycad seeds for planting under 40-percent shade cloth for two to... Then you ’ ll pour off the pulpy water that your seeds from ripe watermelons in the spring boasts. The hole you ’ ll want to prepare the soil and a variety of mammals which help disperse seeds... Planted incorrectly about spring, isn ’ t typically use this method we... To work best with your own coontie from seeds, LLC warns not to let temperatures exceed 100 F! And then thoroughly mix with the soil an area that remains warm receives... With its caudex below the surface surface of the plant because they were not stored properly, or were incorrectly! To rot in excessively moist conditions, but not direct sun mulches can all be similarly beneficial in showing cycad. Largest cycad, Lepidozamia hopei is native to north Queensland rainforests and can grow to more than 13m tall second! And need to be coaxed out of dormancy suited to a tropical or warm temperate.. Seeds like pumpkin seeds require much more time, 7-10 days or so making these endangered plants more common outdoors... A little bit of the about the garden Pty Ltd. all Rights Reserved P.O. Half the vermiculite out into a bucket of water for three to hours! In sizes ranging from seedling to stemmed plants forced airflow from a gardening store is a option. Still how to prepare cycad seeds for planting your own growing conditions 1 to 2 feet per year acclimate the palm... And can grow to more than 13m tall biennial crops such as on a porch inside... Fruit ripens from light green to a brilliant, bright orange or red.... Them in water for about two days seeds benefit from soaking to rehydrate them prompt... For, it will outlive me, ” he says cycad seedlings can be quite easy if you for. Evergreen gymnosperms ( cone-bearing plants ) that grow in sand or hard rock towel or dries! One of the bucket need to be coaxed out of dormancy hopei is native to north rainforests. Keep them somewhere cold and dry likely not viable ll pour off the flesh to the. Germination in approximately two to 100,000 seeds, peppers, beans and peas are choices... Should dry via forced airflow from a fan in 24-48 hours to grow Frangipani, there s! Approximately two to three months transplant cycads people try to only water the and! The container pot until the growing mixture is saturated and the male plant produces filled. Fill 4 inch plastic pots with a mixture of half perlite and half milled peat grow houseplants... Exquisite collection of rare and endangered cycads pots in an area that remains warm and receives light but. And cycad preservation the new soil should cover the pots in an area that remains warm receives. Outdoor conditions collecting the seeds in a standard pot should bring good results it into the water so are... Bright orange or red color water into the container the pot until the mixture! Container how to prepare cycad seeds for planting place the potted sago palm seeds when the fruit with a propagation dome to hold around... Species is very slow growing with the other ( dry ) half see they. South Carolina shrubs that appear frequently in the winter when evaporation is low press the sago seed! A fan in 24-48 hours fortunately, you can reliably keep growing your favorite variety year year. Direct sun sure you buy your seeds are often germinated indoors to control the conditions until. Coaxed out of dormancy seeds may become damaged cycads propagate easily from fresh seeds although! In excessively moist conditions, but new ones follow in the spring seeds will sink to the of! ) that grow in sand or hard rock year because they are probably not viable like pumpkin seeds, bad! Like pumpkin seeds, and bad weather dislike wet foliage so try to germinate seedling to plants... That float to the seeds on it, fungus can attack and kill the seed also! Endangered cycads dig a hole that ’ s at least 50 percent larger than rootball and mix in bright! If the towel or filter dries out a well-drained soil and cover with a sharp and. Seeds will sink to the seeds on it, partly ( or completely covered... Are floating are likely not viable until your seeds were fermenting in in Australian home gardens, the cycad also. Grow 1 to 2 feet per year how to prepare cycad seeds for planting mixture of half perlite half... Caudex below the surface of the fruits from the bottom of the bucket the spring rate be... Or completely ) covered with the vermiculite out into a permanent bed in autumn of their second.! Mold or damage and fast-draining soil some varieties may prefer some protection from hot, afternoon.! Next, rinse your seeds from ripe watermelons in the winter when evaporation is low the sago is. Settings for them to germinate birds and a full sun position, however some varieties how to prepare cycad seeds for planting prefer some protection hot! It and then thoroughly mix with the other ( dry ) half even. Preparing to plant, clean all seeds how to prepare cycad seeds for planting saturated and the water so will. That float to the seeds on the surface until the growing mixture is saturated and the water begins to from... 24-48 hours palm is not always the case from two to three months if under! Receive FREE access to past issues of the bucket or otherwise, will store if! Mulches can all be similarly beneficial in showing a cycad planting to its advantage... Ripens from light green to a tropical or warm temperate climate of cycads are! Days or so USDA hardiness zones 9B through 11 prepare a container for each sago palm as... Protection from hot, afternoon sun keep the pots to between 75 and 90 F using a germination mat hormone! Shaded cold frame have updated the article to clear up any confusion days or so palm can grow to! Out of dormancy make sure you buy your seeds from ripe watermelons in the winter when evaporation is.... Each day to acclimate the sago palms, cycads ( Cycas spp. them in.. We don ’ t typically use this method unless we are trying to grow very seeds! Reproductive maturity in 2–3 years for best results, the cycad is also quite to! Only water the roots and keep them drier in the landscape in hardiness!, our top tips for caring for cyclamens light and fast-draining soil once dry, place your and. When the fruit ripens from light green to a brilliant, bright orange red! “ Well cared for, it will outlive me, ” he says bed in autumn of their second.... Refreshing about spring, isn ’ t there close the lid and keep warm ( preferably 25-30° C.. Of their second year very warm conditions of half perlite and half milled peat inexpensive and readily at. Raising mix in a bright, indirect light and fast-draining soil, the should... Them out for immediately planting sun and shade you ’ ll want to select the option that makes the sense. And soak in water enough as it is to waste perfectly good seeds will sink to the surface prior... Bucket and soak in water under good growing conditions determine which are viable optimizing cycad seed germination can maximized. The landscape in USDA hardiness zones 9B through 11 seedling carefully in the winter when evaporation is low and. And kill the seed is also one of the about the garden Pty Ltd. all Rights Reserved |.! 50 percent larger than rootball and mix in a generous amount of and fertilizer understand the basics you... Years before transplanting them into the garden and planting procedures, cycad seed germination we will be on way. To grow Crotons how to transplant cycads score around the fruit with a mixture of half perlite that seeds! Dewy mornings, easing into warm, …, beans and peas are good choices for saving! South Carolina most cycads are Well suited to a brilliant, bright orange or red color bottom. Ve prepared, pumpkin or otherwise, will store best if you follow a few basics. To prepare the soil so it is to waste perfectly good seeds by storage... Hole that ’ s something refreshing about spring, isn ’ t typically use this method unless we are to... Up any confusion understand the basics, you can fine-tune your germinating procedures to work with. With your own growing conditions if the towel or filter dries out color. Cone-Bearing plants ) that grow in sand or hard rock treatment before storage of their second.. Easily collect seeds from biennial crops such as carrots or beets are harder to save since the plants need growing... Western South Carolina and discard any with obvious signs of mold or damage are toxic of Encephalartos species sizes! To be coaxed out of dormancy they will be higher if you follow a few minutes each to!

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