The British presence began to rule in 1780, British men started to wed Indian women, while in 1820, only 1 in every 7 Indian women were married to Brits. It began with a mutiny of sepoys (who were the Indian soldiers of the Company’s army). No Indian could move higher than a subedar. A general sense of racial superiority among the British fueled Indian anger across the country. Revolt of 1857, the Indian Insurrection, and India's First War of Independence. Naseerabad was the first place in Rajasthan where the Revolt of 1857 began on 28 May. 18. As the Indian revolt gained energy, people found additional reasons to protest British rule. Queen Victoria became the Empress of India. William Dalrymple , a Scottish historian argued that the term “mutiny” is too narrow and ” … This was the first massive rebellion fought for Indian Independence when masses united to rebel against the British Government in 1857. Large part of North and Central India and Bihar joined the revolt. Ask questions, doubts, problems and we will help you. The Indian army also saw huge changes after the revolt. The Indian Revolt of 1857-Causes The Indian Revolt of 1857-Causes The revolt began with a military mutiny, borne of festering grievances among the soldiers of the Bengal Army. The revolt of 1857 was the conscious beginning of the Independence struggle against the colonial tyranny of the British. New questions in Social Sciences. The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. The Revolt of 1857 was started by the company’s sepoys. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. Champaran Satyagraha of 1917: It was the first satyagraha inspired by Mahatma Gandhi. The peasants, artisans and craftsmen suffered poor economic conditions under the British. The Indian Revolt of 1857-Causes The Indian Revolt of 1857-Causes The revolt began with a military mutiny, borne of festering grievances among the soldiers of the Bengal Army. The start of the revolt was on the 29th of March, 1857, when Mangal Pandey, attacked his officers. The Indians believed, quite reasonably, that their religions were under attack by the East India Company. Article On The Rebellion Of 1857: The Sepoy Mutiny is the popular name of the Rebellion of 1857. One consequence of the mutiny was the establishment of direct British governance of India. Suppression of the Indian Revolt by the English is a late-19th-century painting by Russian artist Vasily Vereshchagin.The work depicts several Sepoys being executed by being "blown from a gun" in the aftermath of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. History. They felt that the British had no right to interfere in their religion and customs. Rumors began to spread in 1856 that the grease on the cartridges was made from a mixture of beef tallow and pork lard. It disrupted the planning and the objectives of the revolt could not be achieved. At Delhi, the nominal and symbolic; leadership belonged to the Emperor Bahadur Shah, but the real command lay with a Court of Soldiers headed by General Bakht Khan who had led the revolt of the Bareilly troops and brought them to Delhi.. The Revolt ended the rule of the English East India Company. This time to rebel had come as this was beyond their patience and submission. This revolt led to restoration of the concessions and rights to the Ranes for a brief period. In August, the passage of the Government of India Act dissolved the British East India Company. Important centres of revolution were Delhi, Lucknow, Bareilly, Jhansi and Ara of Bihar. The Revolt of 1857 was one of the first wars of Indian independence against the British. }(document, 'script', 'facebook-jssdk')); महान और प्रसिद्ध व्यक्तित्व वाले लोगों की जीवनी, भारत के मुख्य निर्वाचन आयुक्त Chief Election Commissioners of india, भारत के उपराष्ट्रपति Vice President of India in hindi, कैसे बनेगा तीसरा बड़ा बैंक Third Largest Bank in India, विजय दिवस Vijay Diwas जब पाक ने टेके घुटने, Hindu calandar Mahino ke Naam (Hindu Months name), Names of days (Dinon ke naam) in english and hindi. ...RevoLT OF 1857 The Indian Rebellion of 1857 began as a mutiny of sepoys of the East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the town of Meerut, and soon escalated into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plainand central India, with the major hostilities confined to present-day Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, northern Madhya Pradesh, and the Delhi region. Prior to the outbreak of the Revolt, Bahadur Shah Zafar lived in Delhi as a Pensioner of the British. Often the British officers treated the sepoys rudely. his superior officers at Barrackpore. Strong British army equipped with latest weapons of the time. This hurt the religious sentiments o both Hindu and Muslim soldiers. It is known as India’s First War of Independence. The revolt of 1857 began on religious note. 2 Lord Canning served as Governor General of India from 1856 to 1862. British Crown took control of the administration of India from Company after Revolt. The seeds of nationalism began to be sown during the Revolt of 1857. Then all soldiers marched to Delhi and declared the powerless Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar as the Emperor of India and the official leader off the revolt. The Revolt of 1857: The first expression of organised resistance was the Revolt of 1857. In Delhi, the aged emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was the symbolic leader but the real command was with a group of soldiers headed by General Bakht Khan at Kanpur. js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; The revolt that began at Meerut on May 10, 1857 very soon spread to large parts of northern India, including Bihar. There are few scholars who perceived the Revolt of 1857 as a National Movement. On March 29, 1857, he attacked Nana Saheb. The revolt of 1857 started from 2 See answers fatmamehdi fatmamehdi Revoltl of 1857 was the first war that took place for the independence of indi it started from meerut and spread to the different parts of the country..... syedaleemuddin syedaleemuddin was started from meerut and spread to the different parts of the country. Vereshchagin painted Suppression of the Indian Revolt in 1884 after a trip to British India. Late in the afternoon of 10 May 1857, the sepoys in the cantonment of Meerut broke out in mutiny. The mutiny and great revolt of 1857–59 When soldiers of the Bengal army mutinied in Meerut on May 10, 1857, tension had been growing for some time. Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. View Answer. Some o the social legislation passed by the British like Widow Remarriage act based on sati, made many conservative Indians very uncomfortable. It is also known by other names: the Indian Mutiny, … Unfortunately, the Indian Revolt of 1857 did not result in freedom for India. The Revolt of 1857 took place one hundred years after the Battle of Plassey in 1757. It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. 1 The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of Sepoys in the town of Meerut. The policies like Subsidiary Alliance and Doctrine of Lapse made the Indians lose faith in the British. The Revolt began at Meerut, 36 miles from Delhi, on 10 May 1857 and then gathering force rapidly spread across Northern India. (iv) Annexation of Jhansi and Satara-British refused to recognize adoption. The revolt of 1857 was first organized attempt of Indians to get rid of the British. Learn with Videos. Some causes of this revolt are listed below: The most important cause of the discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British. The sepoys were paid much less than the British soldiers and were also given inferior food and accommodation. On May 10, they marched to Delhi. The revolt in Lucknow was led by Begum Hazarat Mahal; the revolt in Jhansi was lead by Rani Laxmi Bai. It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. There had been discontent at assignments to Burma, resulting in the 1856 General Services Enlistment Act requiring sepoys to serve wherever posted. 1 Verified Answer. It is also known as the "first war of Independence". Thus, by making one small change to its munitions, the British managed to greatly offend both Hindu and Muslim soldiers. In 1856, the British introduced the Enfield rifle in the army. The revolt of 1857 began from Meerut and spread to many parts of India but yet failed to suppress the British rule. British manufacturers soon changed the cartridges in an attempt to calm the spreading anger among the soldiers, but this move backfired. The Revolt began at Meerut, 36 miles from Delhi, on 10 May 1857 and then gathering force rapidly spread across Northern India.It soon embraced a vast area from the Punjab in the North and the Narmada in the South to Bihar in the East and Rajputana in the West. There are various names for the revolt of 1857 – India’s First War of Independence, Sepoy Mutiny, etc. The Indian Revolt of 1857 bears many names. ID: 1440329 Language: English School subject: Social Science Grade/level: Grade 8 Age: 10-15 Main content: Revolt 1857-58 Other contents: no Add to my workbooks (0) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom The annexation of the friendly state of Awadh by Lord Dalhousie in 1856 was also widely represented by the people at Awadh. It is said that the rebellion started from Meerut on 10th May of the year 1857. The Christian missionaries tried to convert the people to Christianity. Tantiya Tope escaped to the jungles of Central India and continued to fight the guerilla war until captured and killed. Kings, peasants, tribals, landlords and we sepoys, all were dissatisfied with the British rule. Rumours in 1857 made sense in context of the policies pursued by the British from late 1820’s as follows: (i) Reforms of william Bentinck in education. The Revolt of 1857 is also famous as the Sepoy Mutiny or the Frist War of Independence for India. Nature of the Revolt. The British government took direct control of the half of India that the Company had been ruling, while various Indian princes remained in nominal control of the other half. The revolt of 1857 was a product of the character and policies of rule. Company officials who abused or even murdered Indians were seldom punished properly: Even if they were tried, they were rarely convicted, and those who were convicted could avoid punishment by filing endless appeals. In May 1857, soldiers in the army of the British East India Company rose up against the British. The Battle of Plassey was an important stepping stone for the British rule in India as the British had overcome the French in India, and the state of Bengal had effectively passed into the hands of the British. The revolt was the conscious beginning of the Independence struggle against the Britishers that began on May 10, 1857, at Meerut as sepoy mutiny which was was initiated by sepoys in the Bengal Presidency against the British officers. Large landholders in northern India also rose up, since the British East India Company had confiscated land and redistributed it to the peasantry. The revolt of 1857 began on religious note. It began as a revolt of the sepoys of the Company’s army but eventually secured the participation of the masses. Even before the Meerut incident, there were rumblings resentment in various cantonments. Scholars have different views on the Revolt of 1857. 8,00,000+ Homework Questions. Its causes lay deeply embedded in the grievances that all sections of Indian society nurtured against the British rule. It would be another 90 years before the people of India (and Pakistan) gained their independence. var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; The Indian Rebellion of 1857 began as a mutiny of sepoys of British East India Company's army on 10 May 1857 in the town of Meerut, and soon erupted into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plain and central India, with the major hostilities confined to the region of present-day Uttar Pradesh, northern Madhya Pradesh, and Delhi. She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U.S. and South Korea. Thus, the revolt was a result of the accumulated grievances of the people against the policies of the British and their hatred for the foreign rule. • The start of the revolt was on the 29th of March, 1857, when Mangal Pandey, attacked his officers. Sen describes it as "having begun as a fight for religion but ended as a war of independence." Princely families joined the uprising due to changes to the inheritance law which made adopted children ineligible to assume the throne. The East India Company forbade certain religious practices and traditions, including sati—the practice of killing widows on the death of their husbands—to the outrage of many Hindus. The Revolt of 1857 was one of the first wars of Indian independence against the British. We spoke about the backdrop of the events that led to the 1851 revolt and now we’ve reached the core of this vital piece of history. They too had a number of grievances. Delhi was recaptured in September 1857. Small precursors of brewing discontent involving incidences of arson in cantonment areas began to manifest themselves in… Significance of Revolt of 1857 It began with the mutiny of the Indian Sepoy`s of the East India Company`s Army. This revolt can aptly be termed the first war of Indian independence against the British. The middle and upper classes of India were badly affected due to loss of employment. Similarly, Rani Laxmi Bai wanted her adopted son to succeed the throne, but the British refused. The Revolt of 1857 starts from Meerut and it spread like a wildfire to various parts of India. In view of the coronavirus pandemic, we are making LIVE CLASSES and VIDEO … The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. Even before the outbreak at Meerut, Mangal Pande had become a martyr at Barrackpore. A powerful and popular revolt broke out in Northern and Central India in 1857. The peasants were burdened by heavy land revenue, last their lands to landlords and moneylenders. The news of revolt of Merrut reached A.G.G. The Indian soldiers were forced to work where their religious beliefs were antagonistic. On 9th May, eighty five of them were dismissed and sentenced to 10 years imprisonment. The storm-centers of the Revolt of 1857 were − Delhi, Kanpur, Lucknow, Jhansi, and; Arrah in Bihar. The revolt of 1857 began from Meerut and spread to many parts of India but yet failed to suppress the British rule. The people joined the sipahis for diverse reasons in most of the areas where troops rebelled. 17. 7 as his salary. Dr S.N. [3] At the same time, a rumor spread that the grease used in the cartridge was made from the fat of cow and the lard of the pig. 2. Naturally, the sepoys were full of anger and frustration. Its causes lay deeply embedded in the grievances that all sections of … Afterwards it spread intensely throughout the provinces of North India. The heroic and patriotic struggle of 1857 continued to inspire the Indians in the later years of the freedom struggle. The immediate cause of military disaffection was the deployment of the new breech-loading Enfield rifle, the cartridge of which was purportedly greased with pork and beef fat. The last Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar, was blamed for the revolt (though he played little role in it). Zamindars lost their zamindari rights because they could not fulfill the high land revenue demand o the British. The very next day, all the angry Indian soldiers of Meerut cantonment released their comrades, killed the British officers, and declared mass revolt. Introduction of western ideas and institutions. Religious sentiments were also hurt by the British policy of taxing lands belonging to temples and mosques. It soon embraced a vast area from Punjab in the North and the Narmada in the South to Bihar in the East and Rajputana in the West. The first Indian martyr of the revolt of 1857 at Barrackpore, Bengal was Mangal Pandey. if (d.getElementById(id)) return; Eating cows, of course, is forbidden by Hinduism, while consumption of pork is forbidden by Islam. It has been observed that in the last year papers of competitive exams, there are 1-2 questions asked from Revolt of 1857, its causes and leaders. The ordinary people of the town and surrounding villages joined the sepoys. The Indian soldiers who had agreed to revolt, wanted to wait till 31st May. These are some of the possible reasons for the confidence of the British rulers about their position in India before May 1857. Most of…, Christmas celebration in India Christmas Day is celebrated on December 25. Within a short time the revolt spread wildly. But soon it became widespread and involved the masses. Bahadur Shah Zafar was sentenced to life imprisonment. This revolt can aptly be termed the first war of Indian independence against the British. The revolt of 1857: The Indian Mutiny, also known as the Sepoy Mutiny, ignited the first spark of the revolution. 10 min. George Lawerence and he sent 15th Bengal Native Infantry located in Ajmer to Nasirabad due to which the dissatisfaction among the soldiers was born. Some causes of this … Revolt of 1857: First War of Independence Nature of the revolt • Revolt of 1857 began as a revolt of the sepoys but eventually secured the participation of the masses. Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. However it is often considered that Mangal Pande fired the first shot of the revolt. He joined the British army as a soldier at Rs. The Indian soldiers were forced to work where their religious beliefs were antagonistic. The reasons for that are: Bahadur Shah was not the best leader, he was old and could not lead the revolt There was no centralised planning and control Almost, wiped away the Company`s Rule in India. Moreover, the rebel groups did not have a common plan of action or centralized leadership. Revolt of 1857 began as a revolt of the sepoys but eventually secured the participation of the masses. The cumulative effect of British expansionist policies, economic exploitation and administrative innovations over the years had adversely affected the positions of all— rulers of Indian states, sepoys, za-mindars, peasants, traders, artisans, pundits, maulvis, etc. The Indian sepoys in Meerut murdered their British officers and broke open the jail. However, the revolt was the first great struggle of the Indians for freedom from the British domination. There were three major developments in Bihar during July 1857. The sepoys' revolt began in Meerut, the first area to receive the new weapons. fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); Eating cows, of course, is forbidden by Hinduism, while consumption of pork is forbidden by Islam. 10,000+ Fundamental concepts. Here the sepoys revolted against their English officers, killed them and marched to Delhi. The company also tried to undermine the caste system, which seemed inherently unfair to post-Enlightenment British sensibilities. Many ruling families such as Rani Lakshmibai […] use all its might to repress it. Class 12 History Notes Chapter 11 Rebels and the Raj The Revolt of 1857 and its Representations Since the mid-18th century, Nawabs and Rajas had gradually lost their power and authority. It soon embraced a vast area from the Punjab in the North and the Narmada in the South to Bihar in the East and Rajputana in the West. THE REVOLT OF 1857 INTRODUCTION INDIA IN 1857 One hundred years after the Battle of Plassey in 1757, the smouldering embers of resentment and anger against the unjust, exploitative and oppressive British government exploded into flames and shook the very foundation of the British rule in India. Began as mutiny of sepoys (Indian soldiers of the British East India Company's army) on 10 May 1857, in the town of Meerut. Thus, different sections of the Indian society suffered hard under the British rule and became strong enemies of the British. Revolt of 1857 intimidated the Company, and it decided to . This course discusses how the Revolt of 1857 began, who were the leaders in various areas of the country, how the British suppressed the Revolt and why the Revolt failed. And even though the Britishers cruelly controlled the situation this revolt laid the foundation of nationalism in the people of … It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. The revolt began on 10th May, 1857 in Meerut. The revolt began on 10th May, 1857 from Meerut. It began with a mutiny of sepoys (who were the Indian soldiers of the Company’s army). Meerut: The revolt of 1857 began at Meerut on May 10, 1857. Diffusion of 1857 Revolt. The Meerut Mutiny (May 9, 1857) marked the beginning of the Revolt of 1857. 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