1 BALANITES (Desert Date, Lalob) It is hardly surprising that balanites (Balanites aegyptiaca) is exploited; what is truly surprising is that it isn’t exploited more.1 This small, deep- rooted tree tolerates such heat and drought that it thrives in the heart of the Sahara, … Pharmacognosy Rev., M.A. (RMHI) and diameter (RMDI) increments, stomatal 1. Guerra and A.S. Dall', 2005. of GSH while decreased MDA level. This review highlights the effects of medicinal plants from the MENA region on TB. Balanites aegyptiaca is a multibranched, spiny, evergreen wild shrub or tree that grows up to 10 m in height (Figure 1) belonging to the Zygophyllaceae family (Chothani and Vaghasiya, 2011; Hall, 1992).It … The results highlight the RMDI were more responsive to watering stress and Results: Three compounds were isolated and identified: a sterol, (1) stigmasterol-3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside; a pregnane glucoside, (2) pregn-5-ene-3β,16β,20(R)-trio1-3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside; a furostanol saponin, (3) 26-(O-β-d-glucopyranosyl)-22-O-methylfurost-5-ene-3β,26-diol-3-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 4)-[α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 2)]-β-d-glucopyranoside. The outcome of this study suggests the potential of stem bark of the B. aegyptiaca for developing chemotherapeutic agent against solid tumor as well as leukemia. … … [4] The tree is considered valuable in arid regions because it produces fruit even in dry times. Box 139109. Furthermore, B. aegyptiaca extracts protected against STZ-induced diabetic testicular changes. Balanites aegyptiaca Del Ethnobotinical it’s reported as a good jaundice, intestinal worm infection, wounds, malaria, syphilis, epilepsy, dysentery, constipation, diarrhea, hemorrhoid, stomach aches, asthma, and fever It is distributed tropical areas, Balanites aegyptiaca Del manly cultivated by seedling and propagation. [7] It is grown for its fruit in plantations in several areas. Background: Hyperlipidemia is a confirmed consequence of diabetes mellitus that follows hyperglycemia. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. The nontoxic dose of AgNPs (0.63 mg/ml) inhibits both HepG2 and Caco2 cells with a percentage of 84.5 and 83.4%, respectively. In addition, the hypoglycemic effect of kernel, flesh and their mixture was noticed. Balanites aegyptiaca has also been used in a variety of folk medicines in India. [3], The yellow, single-seeded fruit is edible, but bitter. under water stress, due to its higher Rs and SLW in _______________ Keywords: Lethrinus lentjan Age Growth mortality rate Red Sea Egypt Age, growth and mortality are very important parameters for rational exploitation and management of the fish population. The genus Balanites was founded in 1813 by Delile. The Balanites aegyptiaca tree reaches 10 m (33 ft) in height with a generally narrow form. (Hingot): A review of its, Chifra District, Afar Region, North Eastern Ethiopia. [8] The bark yields fibers, the natural gums from the branches are used as glue, and the seeds have been used to make jewelry and beads. Objective: The aim of this research is to examine the possible antihyperlipidemic and testicular protective action of Balanites aegyptiaca (B. aegyptiaca ) fruit (flesh, kernel, and their mix) extracts in STZ-induced diabetic rats. L.G. later in the field. Objective: The aim of this research is to examine the possible antihyperlipidemic and water stress increased leaf temperature, resulting in The extract of Inula helenium, Khaya senegalensis, Premna odorata and Rosmarinus officinalis presented the strongest anti-MTB activity. In addition, AgNPs regulate the expression of certain genes with folding higher than that of crude extract. Ethnopharmacol., 164: 16-. extracted from Balanites aegyptiaca fruit. [4], Bark extracts and the fruit repel[12] or destroy[5] freshwater snails and copepods, organisms that act as intermediary hosts of parasites including Schistosoma, Bilharzia, and guinea worm. Callogenesis and Antibacterial Activity of Balanites aegyptiaca, Antifungal Activities and Phytochemical Analysis of Balanites aegyptiaca Seed Kernel Extract Against Colletotrichum gloeosporioides causing Anthracnose Disease in Mango, Balanites aegyptiaca Modulates the Lipid Profile and Testicular Histopathology in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats through an Antioxidant Mechanism, Biochemical Composition and Sensory Evaluation of Desert Date Flowers (Balanites aegyptiaca Del) Infusion, A review of medicinal plant of Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region as source in tuberculosis drug discovery, Hepatoprotective and antioxidant effects of methanolic extracts of Balanites aegyptiaca against streptozotocin-induced liver damage in rats, Tree-to-tree variability in fruits and kernels of a Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del. In this paper we are also discussing about morphological character of Leaves, Flowers , Habit , Diagnostic characters .chemically also it’s very enriched plant the number of Chemical constituents like protein, lipid, carbohydrate, alkaloid, saponin, flavonoid, and organic acid quercetin-3-rutinoside;furanocoumarin bergapten and dihydrofuranocumarin D- marmesin, , beta-sitosterol, bergapten, marmesin, and beta-sitosterol glucoside,balanitin-1,-2, and -3 , Balanitoside yamogenin, scientifically this plant is reported as good Anthelmintic activity, Antibacterial activity, Antivenin activity, Anticancer activity Anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity, In vitro antioxidant, xanthine oxidase and acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activities, antinociceptive , Antidiabetic activity Antiviral activity Wound healing activity, Hypocholesterolemic activity, Diuretic activity. [1] The specific name aegyptiaca was applied by Carl Linnaeus as the species was initially described from specimens collected in Egypt. Acuta); 3-Balanitestriflora; 4-Balanitesroxburghii; 5-Balanitesaegyptiaca (var. [5], The tree is managed through agroforestry. Background The generic part of the binomial Balanites derives from the Greek word for an acorn and refers to the fruit, this name was coined by Alire Delile in 1813. The results obtained showed that EAE exert a significant anti-proliferative, enhancement of apoptosis and modulation of cell cycle phases compared with vincristine.Conclusion: The presence of alkaloids, flavonoids and Phenolics increase its efficiency as anti-proliferative action. Irrigation B. aegyptiaca treatment increased level of GSH while decreased MDA level. Chloroform extract of BSK at both 100 and 50 mg/ml produced the highest mycelial inhibition activities (71and 84%) compared to methanol extract with 64 and 76% respectively. In this study, transesterification of Balanites aegyptiaca oil employing a homogeneous catalyst (NaOH) was conducted in a reactor with methanol. In addition, there is large [5][12] Saponins likewise occur in the roots, bark wood and fruit. crucial role in testicular malfunction pathogenesis. [7] Many parts of the plant are used as famine foods in Africa; the leaves are eaten raw or cooked, the oily seed is boiled to make it less bitter and eaten mixed with sorghum, and the flowers can be eaten. Significant tree-to-tree differences in fruit morphology and kernel composition have been registered. It was found selectively cytotoxic to leukemia cell lines as well as breast cancer cell line MCF-7. You will also find out about any scientific research that highlights the benefits … SD5.1 accounted for better responses So far the effect of ecological origin on the nutritional values and biological activities of B. aegyptiaca … Cotyledon's seed and callus were grounded into the powdered form using mortar and pestle and stored at room temperature for further use. The most active extract was subjected to further confirmatory antiangiogenic tests i.e. Effects, water well., J. The plant may be grown for its fiber, oil and for medicinal values; it is also used in treatment of several diseases and disorders … from Egypt. Subject. Therefore, the discovery of a new anti-TB agent with minimal or no side effects is urgently needed. The auxin NAA in low concentrations (0.5 mg/L) in the presence of a dose of 0.5 mg/L of the cytokinin BAP induced 100% callus formation. Balanites ferox G.Don. wilsoniana, var. Age, growth, mortality and exploitation rates were studied to assess the current status of the redspot emperor Lethrinus lentjan stock in the Egyptian sector of Red Sea. 6: Kernel Botanical History: Balanites aegyptica (L.) Delile (the Taxonomic Classification: The taxonomic classification of desert date or Heglig tree) was first named as Agihalid B. aegyptiaca ( L. ) Del was reported by National Plant after the Arabic name'Heglig'in 1592 by Prosper Alpinio Data Center [42], as seen below: [37]. Balanites AegyptiAca, NOrthern UGANDA Our cold pressed Desert Date oil From the Balanites Aegyptiaca tree is one of the most decadent oils for the skin. Both Rs and SLW directly responded It is planted along irrigation canals and is used to attract insects for trapping. Egy J. SLW values. The preliminary phytochemical analysis, extract showed a significant dose-response relation [1, respectively. changes, fasting blood glucose and serum insulin were assessed. Agialida aegyptiaca Kuntze. Soil properties and carbon sequestration under desert date (Balanites aegyptiaca) in the lowlands of... PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACEUTICAL EVALUATION OF Balanites aegyptiaca: AN OVERVIEW. In addition, Boswellia papyrifera (Del) Hochst olibanum, Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh leaves (river red gum), Nigella sativa (black cumin) seeds and genus Cymbopogon exhibited anti-TB activity. include: tree Kamel, M.S. role of hot weather and water stress in producing B. aegyptiaca treatment increased level SLW measurements. J Am Sci., 5(6): 13-165, Balanites aegyptiaca (HEGLIG) kernel cake, by Ethyl Acetate Extract of Balanites aegyptiaca, Linales- Geraniales - Polygalales assembly. The 50 and 100 mg/ml methanolic extracts were more effective than the n-hexane extracts for both the gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. It is cold pressed and filtered … population grown in Sudan, Toxicity of Crude Balanites aegyptiaca Seed Oil in Rats, Studies on age, growth, and mortality rates for management of the redspot emperor, Lethrinus lentjan (Lacepède, 1802) in the Egyptian sector of Red Sea ARTICLE INFO ABSTRACT, In vitro and in vivo antidiabetic potential of extracts and a furostanol saponin from Balanites aegyptiaca, Changes in Vapour Pressure Deficit and Air-To-Leaf Temperature Difference Due to the Effects of Watering Frequency and Seasonal Variation-Induced Adaptive Responses in Balanites aegyptiaca in Saudi Arabia, Induction of Apoptosis in Human Cancer Cells Through Extrinsic and Intrinsic Pathways by Balanites aegyptiaca Furostanol Saponins and Saponin-Coated SilverNanoparticles, Chemotherapeutic potentials of the stem bark of Balanite aegyptiaca (L.) Delile: An antiangiogenic, antitumor and antioxidant agent, Phytochemicals and biological activities of Artemisia sieversiana, Balanites aegyptiaca protection against proliferation of different cancer cell line, Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile : distribution géographique et connaissances ethnobotaniques des populations locales du Ferlo (nord Sénégal), Annona squamosa. It belongs to the family Balanitaceae and is distributed throughout the drier parts of India. The butanol fraction was safer than the other two fractions with 46.3 and 90.35% anti-proliferative activity against Caco2 and HepG2 cells, respectively. medicinally important plant are available in our surrounding which having lot’s of medicinal importance .in this paper we are focusing on importance of Balanites aegyptiaca Del., also known as ‘Desert date’ Synonyms: Ximenia aegyptiaca L. family Zygophyllace,. Uses of Balanites aegyptiaca: Balanites aegyptiaca is a perennial tropical plant used in food preparations and herbal medicine especially in Africa and some developing countries. Linnaeus regarded it as a species of Ximenia, but Michel Adanson proposed the new genus of Agialid. Antidiabetic potential of Balanites aegyptiaca kernel, flesh and their combination against streptozo... Antidiabetic potential of Balanites Aegyptiaca kernel, flesh and their combination against streptozo... An Important Ethnomedicinal Plant Balanite Aegyptiaca Del. Methods: Six-week-old male Wistar rats were divided into nine groups: (1) control; (2) kernel; (3) flesh; (4) kernel + flesh; (5) STZ; (6) STZ + kernel; (7) STZ + flesh; (8) STZ + (kernel + flesh) and (9) STZ + metformin. The tree was described in 1592 by Prospero Alpini under the name 'agihalid'. The molecular work on floral anatomy, embryology, taxonomy and pollen morphology supported the retention of the genus under Zygophyllaceae [40, 41]. MBA demonstrated potent antiangiogenic, antioxidant and antitumor in vivo. Various parts of the plant are used in Ayurvedic and other folk medicines for the treatment of different ailments such as syphilis, … Herein, we have summarized the phytochemical and pharmacological progress of ASS. Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile Accepted Name. Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0, Coffee Arabica in Saudi Arabia: An Overview. [7] The pale to brownish yellow wood is used to make furniture and durable items such as tools, and is a low-smoke firewood that makes good charcoal. [10], Where the species coexist, African elephants consume the desert date. The extracts of the plant sample were evaluated in agar dilution method which was used to determine the MIC and MBC of the extracts. Balanites aegyptiaca is native to most African countries, stretching from arid and semi-arid regions to sub-humid savanna. 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